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What causes ear infections?

Inflammation in the middle ear most often starts after you've had a sore throat, cold, or other upper respiratory problem.  The infection spreads to the middle ear and causes fluid buildup behind the eardrum.

​​​What are the symptoms of an ear infection? 

The following are the most common symptoms of ear infections in adults :

  •   Ear Pain
  •  Feeling of fullness in the ear
  •  Fluid draining from the ear
  •  Fever
  •  Hearing loss

*These symptoms may look like other conditions or health problems

​​​How is an ear infection diagnosed?

Your health history will be reviewed with your health care provider, and a physical exam will be performed.  At this time, your outer ears and eardrums will be checked by an otoscope, a lighted tool that allows the physician to see inside the ear.  A pneumatic otoscope blows a puff of air into the ear to test the eardrum.  When there is fluid or an infection in the ear, movement is decreased.

A tympanometry may also be performed, testing that directs air and sound to the middle ear. 

If you have frequent ear infections, your physician may suggest heaving a hearing test. 

​​​How is an ear infection treated?

Your physician will figure out the best treatment based on:

  •   How old you are
  •  Your overall health and health history
  •  How sick you are
  •  How well you can handle specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  •  How long the condition is expected to last
  •  Your opinion or preference

Treatments may include:

  • Antibiotics
  • Pain relievers
  • Insertion of small tubes in the eardrums from chronic ear infections ​